2012 tax credit for medical expensesLinkedIn
There, in black and white
NB Bulletin Vol. 16 N. 1, March 2013
For 2012, a tax credit varying from 4% to 20% of incurred expenses can be granted to Canadian taxpayers(1) depending on their province of residence and subject to certain conditions.
Only a few minor changes have been made in relation to the tax credit calculation of 2011, whether regarding eligible expenses or calculation parameters. Please note that Normandin Beaudry publishes an annual information bulletin outlining the main provisions of the tax credit for medical expenses. (Click here to access 2011 bulletin)
Below are a few examples of eligible medical expenses (maximums may apply). Please note that tax credits cannot be claimed for the portion of eligible expenses that is reimbursed through an insurance plan.
For a complete list of eligible expenses, consult Document RC4064 (PDF, 220 KB) “Medical and Disability-Related Information 2012” issued by the Canada Revenue Agency. For residents of Quebec, consult Brochure IN-130 (PDF, 290 KB) "Medical Expenses" issued by the provincial government.
Taxpayers can claim tax credits for eligible medical expenses for themselves and their dependents, i.e. individuals that they supported and that lived with them or were dependent on them because of a disability. A dependent can be the child, parent or spouse of the taxpayer, or almost any other individual related to the taxpayer.
To qualify as eligible expenses, the medical expenses must have been paid during a period of 12 consecutive months ending in 2012. Medical expenses paid in 2011 can thus qualify as long as the time between the payment date of the first expenses claimed and the payment date of the last expenses claimed does not exceed 12 months. Any expenses submitted for a tax credit must not have been used in 2011 tax return and must have been paid no later than December 31, 2012.
To qualify for a tax credit, the total eligible medical expenses must typically exceed the lesser of the following amounts:
(A) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the tax year
It is important to note that credits in excess of the amount of income tax to be paid are not reimbursed (non-refundable credits).
We invite you to read the next section to learn about aspects specific to each province, especially Quebec.
Specific aspects by province
Some aspects pertaining to eligible expenses and the tax credit calculation are specific to the taxpayer's province of residence. Therefore, it is important to always consult the appropriate income tax guide.
For example, the threshold to qualify for a tax credit in 2012 (see B of the previous section) is $2,109 federally and varies between $1,637 and $2,233 provincially. Although expenses incurred by dependents are no longer subject to a maximum (federally or in most provinces), a maximum continues to apply in some provinces including Ontario ($11,474).
Quebec tax credit calculation
Unlike elsewhere in Canada, in Quebec, a single tax credit calculation applies to the taxpayer and all his eligible dependents.
There is no maximum credit for each dependent and, to qualify for a tax credit, the total eligible medical expenses must exceed 3% of the family income. Thus, in Quebec, there is no tax benefit in claiming all of the medical expenses on the tax return of the spouse with the lower income.
(1) Lines 330 and 331 of the federal tax return, line 381 of the Quebec tax return and lines 5868 and 5872 of the other provincial tax returns.
The information presented in this bulletin does not constitute an official opinion for tax purposes. For more information regarding tax returns, please consult a tax professional or visit the Canada Revenue Agency website at www.cra-arc.gc.ca or the Ministère du Revenu du Québec website at www.revenuquebec.ca.
Please feel free to contact us for additional information.
630, René-Lévesque Blvd. West, 30th floor
Montreal, Quebec, H3B 1S6